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Category: Science

‘Alien megastructure’ mystery captivates astronomers as star starts flickering again

The Alien Megastructure is back to distract us from wordly events!

Chloe Farand
 
© Provided by Independent Print Limited A puzzling celestial body, known as an “alien megastructure” which is behaving like no other star, has baffled astronomers around the world after it dimmed by about 22 per cent in a matter of days.

Boyajian’s star, or KIC 8462852 has fascinated science enthusiasts because it regularly loses its lustre only to return to its original brightness. The extraordinary pattern has not been observed in any other star.

As the strange phenomenon has returned, scientists are eager to understand the star’s strange behaviour and shed light on its mysterious appearance, National Geographic magazine reports.

The star was first observed in 2015 by the Kepler space telescope, which observes changes in the brightness of distant stars

It is also known as “Tabby’s star” after astronomer Tabetha Boyajian, who analysed data gathered by the telescope.

The brightness changes do not show the kind of regularity that is typical of a planet’s orbit around its star and so far scientists do not see how this could be explained by a system of planet, according to the science website, Space.

Scientists have also not been able to predict when the next dimming will occur and how long it will last.

 

The Ocean Cleanup Has Begun

With all the bad news (as usual) being featured in the mainstream news about ocean pollution, all in the name of Climate Change scaremongering, it’s good to know about something that, if it lives up to it’s promise, is positively wonderful: The Ocean Cleanup!

Image result for the ocean cleanup

Trash accumulates in 5 ocean garbage patches, the largest one being the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, located between Hawaii and California. If left to circulate, the plastic will impact our ecosystems, health and economies.

By late 2017, The Ocean Cleanup aims to launch the first operational pilot system in Pacific waters. It will represent the most important milestone on the road to the full-scale cleanup and is the culmination of years of preparation. 

The pilot is not just one test – it should be viewed as a “testing platform”, with which dozens of tests can be performed, iterating the system until it operates as intended.

Watch the video where Boyan Slat explains the road towards the pilot, as well as recent changes to our design in the context of a very special presentation held on May 11th 2017:

Find out more about our system design our technology page.

 

THE IMPACT OF CLEANUP

 

Our models indicate that a full-scale system roll-out could clean up 50% of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in 5 years.

Research shows the majority of plastic by mass is currently in the larger debris. By removing the plastic while most of it is still large, we prevent it from breaking down into dangerous microplastics.

Combining the cleanup with source reduction on land paves the road towards a plastic free ocean by 2050.

Read More at The Ocean Cleanup’s site:

https://www.theoceancleanup.com/

“Tapping The Clouds”: Weather Mod History

Weather Modifcation History

The Courier Mail 1947
Race On To Tap Clouds in 3 Countries
Weather Modification History
www.weathermodificationhistory.com

Thanks to the ever-resourceful Rose Paige for the link!

https://thecontrail.com/photo/weather-modifcation-history?xg_source=activity

Military Space Plane Lands After Secret Mission

Military space plane lands after secret mission

William Harwood
 
050717-x37b-2.jpg© US Air Force 050717-x37b-2.jpg An unpiloted military space plane, launched by an Atlas 5 rocket in May 2015, glided to an unannounced landing on the long shuttle runway at the Kennedy Space Center on Sunday, closing out a 718-day mission. It was the first Florida landing of a returning spacecraft since Atlantis flew home in the program’s final mission in 2011.

050717-x37-1.jpg© US Air Force 050717-x37-1.jpg Sonic booms rumbled across central Florida around 8 a.m. and a few minutes later, the Air Force tweeted that the Boeing-built X-37B space plane — a compact, delta-wing craft equipped with a payload bay, a solar power boom and a sophisticated computer control systems — had returned from orbit and landed safely.

“Today marks an incredibly exciting day for the 45th Space Wing as we continue to break barriers,” Brig. Gen. Wayne Monteith, 45th Space Wing commander, said in a statement. “Our team has been preparing for this event for several years, and I am extremely proud to see our hard work and dedication culminate in today’s safe and successful landing.”

It was the fourth clandestine flight of the X-37B, the longest in the program and the first to end in Florida, where Boeing has taken over two former shuttle processing hangars that have been modified to handle the secret spycraft. The first three missions ended with landings at Vandenberg Air Force Base northwest of Los Angeles.

Total time in space by both vehicles across four flights now stands at 2,085 days.

“This mission once again set an on-orbit endurance record and marks the vehicle’s first landing in the state of Florida,” Lt. Col. Ron Fehlen, X-37B program manager, said in the Air Force statement. “We are incredibly pleased with the performance of the space vehicle and are excited about the data gathered to support the scientific and space communities.”

The program’s fifth launch is expected later this year.

Two X-37Bs, also known as OTVs, or orbital test vehicles, are known to exist. OTV-1 flew the program’s first and third missions while OTV-2, flew the second and fourth, which began with launch atop an Atlas 5 rocket at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 20, 2015.

A nose-on view of the X-37B, one of two autonomous military spaceplanes used for classified missions in low-Earth orbit.

The spacecraft are believed to fly as orbital test beds for advanced technology sensors and other systems but the program is classified, and the Air Force provides almost no details on the nature of the space plane’s missions, what might have been accomplished or when the reusable craft might fly again.

But before OTV-2 took off on its just-ended flight, the Air Force acknowledged two experiments: a NASA materials science project and one to test an Aerojet Rocketdyne Hall-effect thruster, which generates low but steady thrust by accelerating electrically charged xenon ions. The thrusters are used aboard Advanced Extremely-High Frequency military communications satellites.

But in general, the X-37 program is conducted in near total secrecy.

Joan Johnson-Freese, a space policy analyst at the Naval War College, said before the most recent launching that the X-37B appears to be what the Air Force claims, a technology demonstrator and testbed. But she said the secrecy surrounding the program likely will continue fueling interest among potential adversaries.

“What’s interesting to me is it’s being done in such an opaque manner,” she said. “If the Chinese were doing this, oh my God, there would be congressional hearings on a daily basis and programs being ginned up to respond to it. It has capabilities that other countries aren’t sure about, and so they’re going to be very nervous about them. If it’s a highly maneuverable space vehicle, that has some pretty significant implications.”

The original idea for a small unmanned orbiter was developed by NASA and built by Boeing’s Phantom Works division. But the program was turned over to the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, in 2004.

Two years later, the Air Force took over. The first X-37B took off on the program’s initial orbital test flight April 22, 2010. The spacecraft spent nearly 225 days in orbit before gliding to a computer-controlled touchdown at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

A second X-37B, the same one that landed Sunday, was launched on March 5, 2011. It spent 469 days in space, landing June 16, 2012, at Vandenberg. The third flight, the second for the original OTV-1, took off on Dec. 11, 2012 and landed in California on Oct. 17, 2014, after logging nearly 675 days aloft.

The unmanned orbiters are based on the same lifting body design used for the space shuttle and they fly a similar re-entry trajectory.

But the X-37B features more lightweight composite materials, improved wing insulation and tougher heat-shield tiles that “are significantly more durable than the first generation tiles used by the space shuttle,” according to a Boeing website description. “All avionics on the X-37B are designed to automate all de-orbit and landing functions.”

The X-37B is equipped with a scaled-down 4-foot-by-7-foot payload bay. But unlike the space shuttle, which relied on fuel cells for electrical power, the Air Force spaceplane is equipped with a deployable solar array that permits it to remain in orbit for long-duration missions.

But exactly what the X-37B does in orbit remains a mystery.

Colloidal Silver – Get it While You Can

From Snafu At The Con Trail

Colloidal Silver – Get it While You Can

 

Removed from public use in the United States in the 1920’s and 1930’s by the medical profession in their move to purge natural health remedies from the marketplace, Colloidal Silver persisted through public demand.
In August, 1998 the FDA ordered all Colloidal Silver removed from all U.S. Health Stores as a dangerous substance, but due to public outcry, that order has been temporarily relaxed.
So why are the Pharmaceutical company’s and FDA trying so desparately to rid the planet of Colloidal Silver. It’s a well known fact that hospitals use Colloidal Silver in their burn units to stop infection. Newborns have had Silver Nitrate dumped in their eyes to kill bacteria and Viruses from Venereal Disease for decades. So what’s the problem?
The problem may lie in the fact that Colloidal Silver is far superior to anti-biotics. While anti-biotics kill bacteria but have multiple side effects, Colloidal Silver kills all bacteria, virus, fungus and yeasts with no side effects. While bacteria develops resistance to anti-biotics, no resistance to Colloidal Silver can be developed.
If you’ve tried to research this on the web, the information can be overwhelming as Hospitals, phamaceutical companies, FDA and doctors all claim that there has never been any research on Colloidal Silver. So rather than a “He said – She said”, lets stick to the reseach the FDA claims has never been done.
Back in the 1970’s Dr. Robert O. Becker, M.D., a pioneering surgeon at Syracuse Medical University, made a startling discover after he started using electrically generated silver ions to heal severe cases of osteomyelitis, a bone infection that can open up large wounds in a patient’s flesh, an untreatable problem by the medical establishment. By generating silver ions directly into open infected wounds through the use of a small, battery operated Colloidal Silver generator operating at 0.9 volts, he found that not only did the silver effectively kill the infectious microorganisms responsible for the disease, but it also triggered amazing and quite unexpected re-growth of human tissue and bone at the site of the infection. In other words, far from damaging human cells, Becker discovered that silver caused astonishing cellular repair, resulting in dramatic healing of damaged tissues.
Becker proved that even when silver ions were electrically driven straight into damaged tissues, massive healing took place as mature human cells were triggered to become healing stem cells, resulting in the complete regeneration of injured tissue! Becker continued to carry out his work on using electrically generated silver ions to stimulate wound healing and trigger re-growth of tissue throughout the 1970’s and 80’s. This work included the development of astonishing new methods using electrically generated silver ions to trigger the re-growth of tissues, limbs and even organs in living creatures such as rats.
Dr. Becker would later state regarding his unique treatment method: “All of the organisms that we tested were sensitive to the electrically generated silver ion, including some that were resistant to all known antibiotics…In no case were any undesirable side effects of the silver treatment apparent.”
Shortly before he could demonstate the ability of Colloidal Silver to regenerate organ tissue as well as prove Colloidal Silver would turn cancer cells back into normal cells, his work was defunded after pressure from the Pharmaceutical companies and then completely shut down by the University of Syracuse. He ultimately wrote two bestselling books on his work, “The Body Electric”, and “Cross Currents”. These books were written to tell the world of Dr. Becker’s discoveries, much to the dismay of Big Pharma.
In his book entitled “The Body Electric”, Becker states that silver deficiency is responsible for the improper functioning of the immune system. While analyzing hair samples and questioning the parties involved, Dr. Becker noted a correlation between low silver levels in the body and disease. Those who maintained low silver levels were frequently sick, with innumerable colds, flu, fevers and other illnesses. Dr. Becker’s experiments concluded that silver destroys a wide range of pathogenic bacteria without damaging any of the cells of the body, and without any harmful side-effects.
Dr. Becker also states that silver ion (colloidal state) was accomplishing much more than just killing disease-causing organisms. It was also accelerating major growth stimulation in injured tissues. When exposed to silver, human fibroblast cells (which are able to multiply at an increased rate) then differentiate into the specialized cells of the organ or tissue-system that has been injured or damaged even in patients over fifty years old. Furthermore, Dr. Becker discovered that cancer cells would transform back to normal cells in the presence of the silver ion, regardless of their location in the body. He therefore concluded that Colloidal Silver will regenerate damaged, old or worn out cellular tissue, eliminate cancerous cells, and any other diseased or abnormal condition.
He also observed that those patients with higher than average levels of silver ion present in their bodies, who suffered from severe burns, were able to more quickly regenerate the burn-damaged tissue, without the occurrence of scar tissue or any overload to their immune system. Moreover, Colloidal Silver is especially well suited for use against many types of disease-producing organisms simultaneously, even the strains of pathogens and fungi that are highly resistant to synthetic antibiotics. Fantastic successes have been documented in many cases that were previously considered to be hopeless. Residue silver in the body more than doubles the capability of the immune system to destroy cancer cells and other disease-causing organisms, and the friendly bacteria in the intestines (the intestinal flora) are not adversely affected.
If you have any doubt about your silver levels, Colloidal Silver is the way to go. There’s plenty of sites with information on internal use of Colloidal Silver with ten times as many sites stating Colloidal Silver is deadly. Big Pharma and the FDA have made every attempt to discredit any natural product that was good and cured people for hundreds of years.

Sources for Colloidal Silver: http://www.iherb.com/Now-Foods-Silver-Sol-10-PPM-8-fl-oz-237-ml/38520
Sources for this article: http://colloidalsilversecrets.blogspot.mx/2011/02/how-dr-robert-o-b…
http://www.thesilveredge.com/pioneers.shtml
http://beforeitsnews.com/health/2012/07/ucla-medical-test-on-colloi…
http://www.center4cancer.com/pdf/colloidal-silver.pdf
http://beckerarchives.wustl.edu/?p=collections/controlcard&id=9432
Robert Becker – The Body Electric (Torrent) – https://1337x.to/torrent/1924574/Robert-Becker-The-Body-Electric-El…
Robert Becker – Cross Currents – https://www.amazon.com/Cross-Currents-Electropollution-Promise-Elec…

Space X Launches Military Spy Satellite

Further blurring the lines between commercial and military ventures, Elon Musk’s Spacex launches a spy satellite, and performs a successful landing.

Images and video at link below:

https://www.space.com/36665-spacex-first-military-satellite-mission-nrol-76-in-photos.html

EMP Attacks and Solar Flares: It May Not Happen, But Preparedness Never Hurt.

 

With the North Korea situation, Operation Gotham, recent power outages and increased solar activity all on everyone’s mind right now, it doesn’t hurt to be prepared for the grid going down,even temporarily. This is not a cause for panic, just commonsense preparedness.

Caterpillar found to eat shopping bags, suggesting biodegradable solution to plastic pollution

https://phys.org/news/2017-04-caterpillar-bags-biodegradable-solution-plastic.html

Caterpillar found to eat shopping bags, suggesting biodegradable solution to plastic pollution

April 24, 2017

Caterpillar found to eat shopping bags, suggesting biodegradable solution to plastic pollution

Scientists have found that a caterpillar commercially bred for fishing bait has the ability to biodegrade polyethylene: one of the toughest and most used plastics, frequently found clogging up landfill sites in the form of plastic shopping bags.

The wax worm, the larvae of the common insect Galleria mellonella, or greater wax moth, is a scourge of beehives across Europe. In the wild, the worms live as parasites in bee colonies. Wax moths lay their eggs inside hives where the worms hatch and grow on beeswax – hence the name.

A chance discovery occurred when one of the scientific team, Federica Bertocchini, an amateur beekeeper, was removing the parasitic pests from the honeycombs in her hives. The worms were temporarily kept in a typical plastic shopping bag that became riddled with holes.

Bertocchini, from the Institute of Biomedicine and Biotechnology of Cantabria (CSIC), Spain, collaborated with colleagues Paolo Bombelli and Christopher Howe at the University of Cambridge’s Department of Biochemistry to conduct a timed experiment.

Around a hundred wax worms were exposed to a plastic bag from a UK supermarket. Holes started to appear after just 40 minutes, and after 12 hours there was a reduction in plastic mass of 92mg from the bag.

Scientists say that the degradation rate is extremely fast compared to other recent discoveries, such as bacteria reported last year to biodegrade some plastics at a rate of just 0.13mg a day.

Caterpillar found to eat shopping bags, suggesting biodegradable solution to plastic pollution
Plastic biodegraded by 10 worms in 30 minutes. Credit: César Hernández/CSIC

“If a single enzyme is responsible for this chemical process, its reproduction on a large scale using biotechnological methods should be achievable,” said Cambridge’s Paolo Bombelli, first author of the study published today in the journal Current Biology.

“This discovery could be an important tool for helping to get rid of the plastic waste accumulated in and oceans.”

Polyethylene is largely used in packaging, and accounts for 40% of total demand for plastic products across Europe – where up to 38% of plastic is discarded in landfills. People around the world use around a trillion plastic bags every single year.

Generally speaking, plastic is highly resistant to breaking down, and even when it does the smaller pieces choke up ecosystems without degrading. The environmental toll is a heavy one.

Yet nature may provide an answer. The beeswax on which wax worms grow is composed of a highly diverse mixture of lipid compounds: building block molecules of living cells, including fats, oils and some hormones.

While the molecular detail of wax biodegradation requires further investigation, the researchers say it is likely that digesting beeswax and polyethylene involves breaking similar types of chemical bonds.

Caterpillar found to eat shopping bags, suggesting biodegradable solution to plastic pollution
A close-up of wax worm next to biodegraded holes in a polyethylene plastic shopping bag from a UK supermarket as used in the experiment. Credit: Paolo Bombelli

“Wax is a polymer, a sort of ‘natural plastic,’ and has a chemical structure not dissimilar to polyethylene,” said CSIC’s Bertocchini, the study’s lead author.

The researchers conducted spectroscopic analysis to show the in the plastic were breaking. The analysis showed the worms transformed the polyethylene into ethylene glycol, representing un-bonded ‘monomer’ molecules.

To confirm it wasn’t just the chewing mechanism of the caterpillars degrading the plastic, the team mashed up some of the worms and smeared them on polyethylene bags, with similar results.

“The caterpillars are not just eating the plastic without modifying its chemical make-up. We showed that the polymer chains in polyethylene plastic are actually broken by the wax ,” said Bombelli.

“The caterpillar produces something that breaks the chemical bond, perhaps in its salivary glands or a symbiotic bacteria in its gut. The next steps for us will be to try and identify the molecular processes in this reaction and see if we can isolate the enzyme responsible.”

As the molecular details of the process become known, the researchers say it could be used to devise a biotechnological solution on an industrial scale for managing polyethylene waste.

Added Bertocchini: “We are planning to implement this finding into a viable way to get rid of plastic waste, working towards a solution to save our oceans, rivers, and all the environment from the unavoidable consequences of accumulation.”

Explore further: Gut bacteria from a worm can degrade plastic

More information: Current Biology (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.060