Category: Environment

What Causes Whale Strandings?

Search for Clues to What Causes Whale Strandings

 

Photo

Pilot whales during a mass stranding in New Zealand. Scientists speculate that the large amounts of energy that dolphins and whales expend when fleeing threats may be linked to mass strandings. Credit Marty Melville/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Take half a dozen retired Navy dolphins and put them in a huge tank with a trainer and some oversized hula hoops for six months and what do you get? Potential clues to unraveling the mysteries behind why some marine mammals are susceptible to mass strandings, scientists hope.

In a study published Wednesday in The Journal of Experimental Biology, scientists showed that dolphins and whales used more energy to swim fast than to cruise at normal speeds. This may seem obvious, but marine mammals aren’t supposed to get tired swimming. We have assumed that these master divers have adapted physiological workarounds that help them conserve oxygen and energy. And most of the time, they have. But this study suggests that vigorous swimming to avoid threats — posed by people as well as predators — could come at a cost to mammals that live in the seas.

Terrie M. Williams, who studies ecophysiology at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and her team worked with trainers to encourage the dolphins, as well as one retired theme park killer whale, to perform a variety of behaviors in large saltwater tanks. Some animals would rest at the surface or submerged, move in a straight line across a pool, cruise the perimeter or dive down to swim through hoops placed in different arrangements at the pool’s bottom. To the sound of a whistle, they surfaced beneath a special hood and inhaled air while Dr. Williams measured their breathing and oxygen intake. Across a variety of settings, she also measured heart rate, the frequency and amplitude of swimming strokes and swim gait.

Her team found that there was not a big difference between the energy the animals used at rest and while swimming at average speeds that range somewhere from 5 to 8 feet per second, according to the study. But drag in the water that increases with speed makes the cetaceans exert more energy as they move faster; the dolphins nearly doubled their normal energy use when swimming their hardest.

“When you’re trying to go at top speed, you’re really huffing and puffing,” she said. “ For these dolphins and whales, it’s the same thing.”

With the new results, Dr. Williams and her team created a model that would allow other scientists to predict the energetic cost of different swim styles in a variety of whales and dolphins. They hope their data can be used to understand how some dolphins and whales react physiologically to threats.

In the wild, a whale or dolphin normally swims in short bursts and glides that help it conserve energy. Dolphins and whales swim faster while hunting prey. But when avoiding a predator or human disturbance (like military sonar or seismic exploration), it may ascend from a dive quickly, switching to faster, constant strokes that last longer than usual. In a separate study, Cuvier’s beaked whales increased their speed and stroke rate for nearly two hours after exposure to sonar.

Dr. Williams applied the model to data from that study, and found that the whales would use around 30 percent more energy to power their fins as they rapidly swam away.

The extra energy it takes to flee a perceived threat may have important implications for what happens to marine mammals physiologically during mass strandings, said Dr. Williams.

“You would think that the marine mammals would have it figured out,” she said, protecting themselves by collapsing their lungs or lowering their heart rate during a dive.

She points to a case in 2002, when a handful of beaked whales thought to be trying to escape sonar from naval exercises wound up stranded in the Canary Islands. Oddly, despite adaptations allowing the whales to dive at great depths, some showed signs of decompression illness, the same condition that affects some scuba divers when they ascend too quickly. The illness, also called the bends, results when compressed air bubbles get trapped in body tissue or vital organs, including the brain.

Although she has yet to prove it and admits that the contributions to mass strandings are still poorly understood, Dr. Williams speculates that oceanic noise may contribute to the strandings of some beaked whales through some combination of changes in swimming style, increased energy demands and lack of oxygen to their brains.

“This would explain the ‘disorientation’ of stranded whales often cited by rescuers trying to coax the animals back into deeper water,” she said.

Andreas Fahlman, a comparative physiologist who studies deep-diving animals at Texas A&M University at Galveston and was not involved in the research, said that this new study was limited in its methods, but that increased work effort suggested overexertion in animals that could lead to elevated carbon dioxide levels, which could put them at an increased risk for bubble formation.

Dr. Williams is continuing her work in the wild with narwhals and hopes her research will contribute to a better understanding of how threat and escape affects marine mammals.

“In some ways marine mammals are built just like us,” she said. “In other ways they’ve adapted to that oceanic living in ways that we just don’t understand completely”.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/16/science/what-causes-whale-strandings.html?_r=1

Declassified Nuclear Test Footage Now On YT

http://www.msn.com/en-nz/news/world/you-can-now-watch-dozens-of-declassified-nuclear-test-films-on-youtube/ar-BByeGML?li=BBqdg4K&ocid=SK2MDHP

Mushroom clouds were a common sight in the Nevada desert and the Pacific Proving Ground between 1945 and 1962.

The US used the regions to carry out more than 200 atmospheric nuclear tests, before above ground explosions were banned in 1963.

Now, a team of nuclear weapon physicists is seeking to preserve decomposing footage of those tests by embarking upon a major digitisation project.

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLLN) uploaded the first 64 declassified videos to its YouTube channel this week.

Greg Spriggs, a weapon physicist at LLLN, told Gizmodo: “I think that if we capture the history of this and show what the force of these weapons are and how much devastation they can wreak, then maybe people will be reluctant to use them.”

In a YouTube video introducing the project, Spriggs said they’ve uncovered about 6,500 of the 10,000 films made during that era of history.

“By looking at these films, we found a lot of different pieces of information that had not been analysed back in the ‘50s, and we’re discovering new things about these detonations that have never been seen before,” he said.

NZ: We’re Coming For Your Water

 Considering the other water associated ills currently affecting New Zealand; Over-extraction by irrigating dairy farms, dirty dairying, the “swimmable rivers’ debacle,  the last thing we need is our precious water being practically given away to overseas corporations.  Read and weep people.
And the Environment minister wants us to believe that the amount of water taken is ‘Insignificant”. The same minister who wants us to believe a scummy, dried up river bed is a swimmable river. Sickening.

Chinese company Nongfu Spring wants more NZ water

  • 14/03/2017
  • By Isobel Ewing

 http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/politics/2017/03/should-companies-pay-royalties-to-export-water.html

A Chinese company wants to buy a Bay of Plenty water bottling plant and dramatically increase its water take, and it will get the water virtually for free.

Otakiri Springs currently pays only $2003 in compliance costs each year, allowing it to take 700,000 litres a day. The consent doesn’t expire until 2026.

Now prospective owner Nongfu Spring Natural Mineral Water wants to increase the water take to 5 million litres a day. It’s the same aquifer where New Zealand company Oravida takes 400,000 litres a day.

Whakatane District Councillor Mike van der Boom says companies are taking a precious resource from his area and not paying a cent for it.

“We’re subsidising them to make a profit,” he says.

“We just want our water preserved, a sustainable take – what is a sustainable take? Do they know what that is? I have a lot of questions and not many answers.”

Environment Minister Nick Smith maintains his stance that charging companies to take water is ridiculous

“If parties opposite want to start imposing new taxes on the use of water, where are they going to stop? Will air be charged for next?”

But Parliament’s opposition parties are united – get water, pay a royalty.

“We do believe that commercial businesses that are taking water out of the ground for free and then making a profit out of it should pay for the use of that resource,” Greens co-leader James Shaw says.

New Zealand First Leader Winston Peters also says there should be a royalty paid.

“They will pay to export it offshore, and the money will go back to the local community from where the water was extracted in the first place.”

The Overseas Investment Office is currently assessing the sale of Otakiri Springs to Nongfu Spring.

Otakiri Springs has been contacted for comment about its plans.

Newshub.

http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/politics/2017/03/should-companies-pay-royalties-to-export-water.html

THIS IS WHAT NZ GOVERNMENT CALLS A “SWIMMABLE RIVER”:

Image result for n swimmable rivers

Image result for dune water quotes

Arctic And Antarctica: What’s Going On?

Image result for arctic and antarctic

Despite all the Climate Change propaganda, it seems certain that Antarctica is growing.

https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/antarctic-sea-ice-reaches-new-record-maximum

With the opposite pole, the facts are harder to discern. Is the Arctic ice growing also?

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/10/07/experts-said-arctic-sea-ice-would-melt-entirely-by-september-201/

Or is it shrinking ?

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2016/aug/22/historical-documents-reveal-arctic-sea-ice-is-disappearing-at-record-speed

And why are the  elite taking so much interest in Antarctica?

Is the elite exodus to New Zealand, the Gateway to Antarctica tied in with this somehow?

http://uncensored.co.nz/2017/01/25/americans-flock-nz-safe-haven/

What do all the tales and rumours of pyramids, lost cities, underground bases and aliens amount to ?

Disinformation and distraction?

Disinformation always contains elements of verifiable fact, however, considerable discernment and healthy scepticism is clearly required:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGcsfa-GyZk

What’s the truth?

Give us your thoughts and opinions!

Dutchsinse: HAARP, NEXRAD, Weather Mod. Explained

You will never find a better verbal explanation than this. Dutchsinse is a veteran researcher and observer who’s developed an amazing knack for earthquake forecasting.

For those who may not know, HAARP is up and running after a temporary hiatus, and is just one of a whole worldwide network of ionospheric heating devices that can alter the weather, trigger earthquakes, generate artificial auroras etc,

But I’ll let Dutchsinse do the talking:

NZ: 1080 Control Taken Away From Regional Councils, Use “Enforced”

Image result for 1080

http://www.msn.com/en-nz/news/national/new-nationwide-policies-for-1080-to-be-rolled-out/ar-AAnp7I5?ocid=SK2MDHP

The government is set to introduce new regulations to enforce the use of poisons like 1080.

Currently it is up to regional councils to set rules for the use of 1080 and other poisons in their region.

But now the government will set rules to apply throughout the country, rather than having different rules within each regional council.

Environment Minister Nick Smith said the move was expected to save $11 million over the next 20 years through reduced bureaucracy, and would reduce costs and delays for operators.

“And enable agencies, like the Department of Conservation to get on with the work of protecting New Zealand’s native species.”

He said stoats, rats and possums killed 25 million native birds per year, and the use of effective and efficient poisons like 1080 was necessary.

The national approach to the use of poisons such as 1080 and brodifacoum will come into effect in April.

The regulations have been approved under the Resource Management Act after consultation last year and an initial push by the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, Jan Wright.

Dr Smith said the national rules would be very tight and ensured risks were properly managed from both a safety and an environmental point of view.

Uncomfortable Questions For Carnegie: Geoengineering

Jolie Diane From http://zerogeoengineering.com/ Asks The
“Panel Of Experts”

What Are The Human Implications For Using Geoengineering Technology?

Jolie Diane Reminds Them Geoengineering Is Already Taking Place, Which They Try To Ignore By Shuffling The Question Around The Panel.

Its Obvious Their Plan Is Way More Important Than The Health Of The Planets Inhabitants,
And They’re Determined To Go Ahead Regardless Of The Risks Involved.

These Starry Eyed People Are Very Dangerous,
After All The Research They Still Believe In This Technology.

Opening Quote From Carnegie Council

“C2G2 Sounds Futuristic And Scientific, But It Also Sounds Friendly And Lovable. Right?”

(This Gave Me Shivers Down The Spine)

The C2G2 Initiative does not promote geoengineering, nor is it intrinsically against it. However, it assumes that given the state of international response to climate change so far, these technologies are likely to be used in the foreseeable future. This panel of global experts discuss the key issues in relation to climate geoengineering, its governance, and what the Initiative will do.

THANKS TO ROSE AT THE CONTRAIL

Monsanto Scrambling To Bury This Breaking Story

FROM ROSE AT THE CON TRAIL:

http://thecontrail.com/forum/topics/monsanto-is-scrambling-to-bury-this-breaking-story-don-t-let-this

I am frankly shocked this information is not making front page news right now. Monsanto will do anything to bury this story… and as of right now, it’s working. Not a single mainstream media outlet has covered this appalling new report that shows millions of people being poisoned by a chemical that does not belong in our food. This chemical is ending up in processed foods like Cheerios, Ritz Crackers, and Oreos and being consumed by humans across the world. The health of millions of people is on the line and this news must go mainstream! That’s why I’m calling on every single one of you who reads this post to share this breaking story now. The only way this injustice will be corrected is if enough of us stand up and demand that something be done to stop the poisoning of our food supply.

Share this shocking new report with everyone you know….

A FDA-registered food safety laboratory tested iconic American food for residues of the weed killer glyphosate (aka Monsanto’s Roundup) and found ALARMING amounts.

Just to give you an idea of how outrageous these amounts are, independent research shows that probable harm to human health begins at really low levels of exposure – at only 0.1 ppb of glyphosate. Many foods were found to have over 1,000 times this amount! Well above what regulators throughout the world consider “safe”. 2016-11-14_1536

2016-11-14_1537

{See the test results and full report by Food Democracy Now! and The Detox P…}. 

Here is why we all should be concerned about eating glyphosate:

  • Independent research links glyphosate to cancer (sources: 12345) and it has been deemed a probable human carcinogen by the World Health Organization’s team of international cancer experts. The childhood cancer rate is steadily rising and experts say that they don’t know why. Why are they not taking a closer look at these facts?
  • It binds with vital nutrients in the soil (like iron, calcium, manganese, zinc) and prevents plants for taking them up. Glyphosate is thereby making food less nutritious!

Why is this weed killer in these foods? Even non-GMO and organic food! 

This chemical has gone so mainstream that glyphosate has infiltrated every facet of our environment – our water, air, soil.

  • Glyphosate is not just used on GMOs. Conventional (non-organic farmers) use Roundup as a drying agent on crops, such as oats and wheat. It can’t be simply washed off, as it is taken up into the plant itself.
  • As the active ingredient in popular “Roundup” herbicide, millions of people are using this stuff around their homes, and it’s widely used at parks and other public spaces.

So, that is why it’s not just GMO-filled junk food that is laced with glyphosate. It’s contaminating organic and non-GMO foods, and it’s even in our honey! The FDA quietly found it in almost every single sample of honey that they tested (from mass produced to organic mountain honey). The media has been essentially silent and barely anyone heard this news!

Even if you don’t personally eat the specific brands that were tested (I don’t), how many people are eating Cheerios and Ritz Crackers every day? A lot!

How many of your friends and family have their cabinets filled with these foods? These people need to know this information.

There are still thousands of other brands and whole foods that have not been tested for glyphosate residues, so we can’t be so sure that our own organic, non-GMO, and unprocessed food is safe. Americans are effectively being forced to eat this poison until something is done to stop the rampant use of this chemical. Yes, I said poison.

Monsanto doesn’t want the public to know these findings for obvious reasons. They have our regulatory agencies in their back pocket to make sure they can continue to make a hefty profit while poisoning the masses.

While there are now several manufacturers of glyphosate herbicides, Monsanto completely dominates the market and this is a best seller. They are raking in BILLIONS every year and certainly don’t want that to stop. They are clearly, without a doubt, using their prosperity to influence our government regulators. Why else would those entrusted to protect the public from harmful chemicals turn a blind eye to this?

Our public agencies are allowing corporations to poison Americans for profit.

In 2013, the EPA massively increased the industry standard of what is considered a “… of glyphosate on our food, in order to make enormous amounts seem A-OK. Instead of properly regulating, they effectively raised the “safe” level so that no one can blame the industry for poisoning us with unlawful amounts of chemicals. This is corruption at its finest. The EPA has a long and sordid history of doing whatever Monsanto wants and you have to ask yourself why this continues to happen and how we can make it stop.

The EPA continues to pander to Monsanto, as they keep postponing and dragging their feet to evaluate glyphosate’s link to cancer in humans. The industry is fighting tooth and nail to make sure that the EPA “evaluation” will be in their favor and is trying to control who will be on the panel. Why won’t the EPA do their job to make sure that the world’s most widely used herbicide isn’t causing us all to get cancer? Don’t you think this should be a top priority? It’s time for the EPA to put the public health above the corrupt desires of corporations.

When it comes to the FDA, they are not protecting the American public from glyphosate either. After announcing in February that they would FINALLY begin testing foods for glyphosate residues, they just decided to suspend their testing this week. Could it be that Monsanto didn’t like the results they started getting – especially since the FDA found glyphosate in foods that should be especially safe like BABY FOOD? Monsanto will do whatever it takes to keep that story out of the public eye.

Doesn’t the public deserve to know this information? It should be shouted from the rooftops!

It is shameful that the American media has thus far failed to cover this breaking news, but WE HAVE THE POWER to make this information go viral. If you really want to stop the corruption perpetuated by Monsanto and the large chemical companies – this is how we shut them down!

CALL TO ACTION: Share this post with everyone you know. Tweet, share, and email this information to major media outlets and ask them to cover this story. 

Remember the best way to avoid glyphosate is by choosing certified organic foods because it is prohibited on organic crops. Although contamination is a real threat, the levels on organic foods are minimal compared to what’s been found on conventional foods. It’s been shown that people who eat organic foods have less glyphosate and other synthetic pesticides in their system.